Lone Actor Terrorists

Lone Actor Terrorists
Author : Paul Gill
Publisher : Routledge
Total Pages : 192
Release : 2015-02-11
ISBN 10 : 9781317660163
ISBN 13 : 1317660161
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lone Actor Terrorists Book Description:

This book provides the first empirical analysis of lone-actor terrorist behaviour. Based upon a unique dataset of 111 lone actors that catalogues the life span of the individual’s development, the book contains important insights into what an analysis of their behaviours might imply for practical interventions aimed at disrupting or even preventing attacks. It adopts insights and methodologies from criminology and forensic psychology to provide a holistic analysis of the behavioural underpinnings of lone-actor terrorism. By focusing upon the behavioural aspects of each offender and by analysing a variety of case studies, including Anders Breivik, Ted Kaczynski, Timothy McVeigh and David Copeland, this work marks a pointed departure from previous research in the field. It seeks to answer the following key questions: Is there a lone-actor terrorist profile and how do they differ? What behaviours did the lone-actor terrorist engage in prior to his/her attack and is there a common behavioural trajectory into lone-actor terrorism? How ‘lone’ do lone-actor terrorists tend to be? What role, if any, does the internet play? What role, if any, does mental illness play? This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism/counter-terrorism studies, political violence, criminology, forensic psychology and security studies in general.

Lone actor Terrorism Final Report

Lone actor Terrorism  Final Report
Author : Clare Ellis (Criminal justice specialist)
Publisher :
Total Pages : 28
Release : 2016
ISBN 10 : OCLC:948524293
ISBN 13 :
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lone actor Terrorism Final Report Book Description:

"Lone-actor terrorists are perceived as presenting acute challenges for law enforcement practitioners in detection and disruption. By definition, they act without direct command and control from a wider network, and it is assumed that without such communications they may evade the 'tripwires' that would usually bring them to the attention of the authorities. The Countering Lone-Actor Terrorism (CLAT) project aimed to investigate this assumption. Through the construction and analysis of a database of 120 lone actors from across Europe, it sought to improve understanding of lone-actor terrorists, their behaviour and their activities in the period leading up to their intended attack. This report aims to synthesise key aspects of the CLAT publications series, bringing together insights from the literature, details of the project's methodology and key findings, along with suggestions for further research."--

Lone actor Terrorism

Lone actor Terrorism
Author : J.H. Roy van Zuijdewijn
Publisher :
Total Pages : 15
Release : 2016
ISBN 10 : OCLC:948513370
ISBN 13 :
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lone actor Terrorism Book Description:

"This policy paper looks into the characteristics of lone actor terrorists in the European Union (2000-2015). It is part of the Countering Lone Actor Terrorism (CLAT) project that looks into this phenomenon through analysis of data pertaining to plots and cases of lone actor terrorism within the EU. This paper will focus on the personal characteristics of lone actor terrorists, resulting in a number of policy recommendations. First of all, some of the key findings from the previous analysis paper are highlighted. Subsequently, the authors outline the following recommendations based on the findings: 1. Although overall data metrics are useful, specifically focusing on certain sub-groups could provide more insight into shared characteristics of certain groups. In order to accurately interpret results, it is necessary to have appropriate benchmarks. For instance, we found that 35% of the perpetrators reportedly suffered from some kind of mental health disorder. The estimated percentage for the general population is 27%. It is relevant to look into certain combinations of variables and characteristics, rather than single ones, such as legal gun possession and mental health problems. 2. Lowering barriers to mental health services should be key. Part of this effort should be focused on removing taboos on speaking about mental health problems in certain communities. Trust and openness play a crucial role in this regard. 3. A multi-agency approach is recommended, in light of identifying as well as assessing the risks posed by potential lone actors."--Executive summary.

Lone Actors An Emerging Security Threat

Lone Actors     An Emerging Security Threat
Author : A. Richman
Publisher : IOS Press
Total Pages : 280
Release : 2015-11-17
ISBN 10 : 9781614995852
ISBN 13 : 1614995850
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lone Actors An Emerging Security Threat Book Description:

Terrorist attacks perpetrated by lone actors have already occurred in several countries, and this phenomenon is emerging as a threat to the security of both NATO members and other countries worldwide. In this context, a lone actor, or 'lone wolf’, is someone who individually prepares or commits violent acts in support of an ideology, group or movement, but who is acting outside of the command structure and without the assistance of any group. Up to now, these individual acts have been seen as almost impossible to forecast, but it is nevertheless important to develop a responsible security policy which takes them into account and incorporates planning for counteraction, prevention and response. This book presents papers, written by leading experts in the field, which reflect the subjects presented at the workshop 'Loan Actors – An Emerging Security Threat', part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme, held in Jerusalem in November 2014. The papers are divided into five sections: the threat of lone actor terrorism; case studies; countering and responding to the threat; legal and ethical aspects; and foresight and policy aspects. The insights, information and recommendations shared in this book will be of interest to all those involved in developing a more efficient response policy to this emerging threat.

Understanding Lone Actor Terrorism

Understanding Lone Actor Terrorism
Author : Michael Fredholm
Publisher : Routledge
Total Pages : 312
Release : 2016-02-05
ISBN 10 : 9781317328605
ISBN 13 : 1317328604
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Lone Actor Terrorism Book Description:

This volume examines the lone actor terrorist phenomenon, including the larger societal trends which may or may not have led to their acts of terrorism. With lone actor terrorism becoming an increasingly common threat, the contributors to this volume aim to answer the following questions: What drives the actions of individuals who become lone actor terrorists? Are ideological and cultural issues key factors, or are personal psychological motives more useful in assessing the threat? Do lone actors evolve in a broader social context or are they primarily fixated loners? What response strategies are available to security services and law enforcement? What is the future outlook for this particular terrorist threat? Although these issues are frequently discussed, few books have taken a global perspective as their primary focus. While many books focus on lone actor terrorists in relation to terrorist groups, such as Al-Qaida and the Islamic State, few, if any, cover lone actors of all ideological backgrounds, including the variants of active shooters and malicious insiders in information security, such as Edward Snowden – with both of these latter categories constituting an important variant of lone actors. Utilising the expertise of academics and practitioners, the volume offers a valuable multidisciplinary perspective. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism and counter-terrorism, political violence, criminology, security studies and IR.

Lone actor Terrorism

Lone actor Terrorism
Author : Simon Palombi
Publisher :
Total Pages : 11
Release : 2016
ISBN 10 : OCLC:948521211
ISBN 13 :
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lone actor Terrorism Book Description:

"Lone-actor terrorism is rising in Europe. Given that current global events, such as civil wars in Syria, Libya and Yemen, and the spread and effectiveness of Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) propaganda, all represent potential sources of inspiration for lone-actor terrorist plots, policy-makers in Europe must be adequately equipped to respond. Crucially, the response should be commensurate with the threat posed; however, the threat has hitherto tended to be framed using hypotheses rather than empirical analysis relevant to Europe. The perceived freedom that lone-actor terrorists have in designing and implementing their plots without interacting with individuals or groups that might alert police and security services to their activities is a commonly cited concern. However, as the Countering Lone-Actor Terrorism (CLAT) Analysis Paper shows, other fundamental factors should be considered in terms of attack methodology and logistics. In particular, the diversity in casualty rates, preferences for certain types of weapons that are relatively available in Europe, the ethnographic nature of lone-actor terrorist targeting and the range of actors' competencies have all highlighted in the Analysis Paper. The need to identify these other trends led to the formation of the Countering Lone-Actor Terrorism (CLAT) consortium. Following an extensive data-collection phase with the Royal United Services Institute, the Institute for Strategic Dialogue, and Leiden University, Chatham House was allocated nine variables from the completed dataset to analyse in order to help develop a more nuanced understanding of the lone-actor terrorism threat in Europe. These variables are: Injuries, Fatalities, Target type, Target details, Weapon type, Weapon details, Legal gun possession, Reported military experience, Indication of a safe space. This paper expands upon those findings and suggests policy recommendations based on that analysis."--Page [1]

Lone actor Terrorism Analysis Paper

Lone actor Terrorism  Analysis Paper
Author : Clare Ellis (Criminal justice specialist)
Publisher :
Total Pages : 24
Release : 2016
ISBN 10 : OCLC:948519332
ISBN 13 :
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lone actor Terrorism Analysis Paper Book Description:

"The aim of the Countering Lone-Actor Terrorism (CLAT) project is to understand lone-actor terrorism in a European context. The project will develop a database of lone-actor cases from across Europe. Its overall objective is to see if it is possible to discern any trends or patterns that could be translated into useful observations or recommendations for practitioners and policy-makers. This fourth paper of the series conducts a detailed examination of the lone-actor terrorist database. The findings reaffirm a key assertion from the earlier literature review: there is no consistent profile for a lone-actor terrorist. However, systematic analysis of cases from across Europe has provided valuable insights into the scale of the threat, the ways in which it is most likely to manifest, and the activities of lone-actor terrorists in the time leading up to the attack."--

Lone actor Terrorism

Lone actor Terrorism
Author : Melanie Smith (Terrorism expert)
Publisher :
Total Pages : 11
Release : 2016
ISBN 10 : OCLC:948522736
ISBN 13 :
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lone actor Terrorism Book Description:

"The Institute for Strategic Dialogue analysed two main sections of the CLAT dataset that pertain to the motivations of Lone Actor Terrorists (LATs), as well as their political engagement and online activity. In this paper, we provide recommendations for policymakers, police and social media companies based on our findings. We recommend that European policymakers and police: 1. Give greater consideration to the threat from far-right lone actors, particularly in light of the refugee crisis. 2. Develop a more coordinated approach to infiltrating, monitoring and proscribing violent extremist groups, particularly violent far-right groups. Encourage non-violent extremist groups to report individuals who leave their parties or communities because their views are too extreme or because of a confrontation. We also recommend that social media companies: 3. Continue to improve user-based reporting systems to account for individuals that pose an immediate risk, and establish closer links with the police to expedite responses in these cases. They should also trial new methods such as online one2one interventions for less urgent cases. Preventing every single instance of lone actor terrorism is impossible. This is particularly true in countries where freedom of thought, speech and privacy are highly valued and must be protected. Our recommendations are an attempt to provide practical suggestions for preventing instances of lone actor terrorism--based on our findings relating to their motivations, political engagement and online activity--that adhere to these principles."--Page [1]

Cut from the Same Cloth

Cut from the Same Cloth
Author : Marieke Liem
Publisher :
Total Pages : 21
Release : 2018
ISBN 10 : OCLC:1046457157
ISBN 13 :
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cut from the Same Cloth Book Description:

The term “lone actor” has been applied to a variety of violent individuals, including jihadists, right-wing extremists, school shooters, and others whose crimes were ideologically motivated and generated much societal impact. It may be argued, however, that such a classification of this rare subset of violent offenders is an artificial one, based on political perspectives rather than on empirical findings. In this study, we examine and compare characteristics of European single perpetrators or lone actor terrorists to a large sample of European ‘common’ homicide offenders. Bivariate analysis shows that lone actors are significantly younger, more single, and more educated than homicide offenders. In terms of event characteristics, however, the two groups differ more substantially. Lone actors are more likely to attack ‘strangers’ in public places and to use firearms, while homicide offenders tend to attack victims they know in private settings and to use more hands-on methods. These differences may be understood through the notion of instrumental versus expressive motivations. Our findings question the classification of lone actors as an entity fundamentally different from our sample of single homicide offenders and call for future in-depth assessments of possible differences in homicidal drive.

Lone actor Terrorism

Lone actor Terrorism
Author : Clare Ellis (Criminal justice specialist)
Publisher :
Total Pages : 9
Release : 2016
ISBN 10 : OCLC:948525782
ISBN 13 :
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lone actor Terrorism Book Description:

"The aim of the Countering Lone-Actor Terrorism (CLAT) project is to understand lone-actor terrorism in a European context. The project will develop a database of lone-actor cases from across Europe. Its overall objective is to see if it is possible to discern any trends or patterns that could be translated into useful observations or recommendations for practitioners and policy-makers. This is the fourth and final policy paper in the CLAT series. It outlines the policy implications of analysis in relation to changes in perpetrator behaviour, 'leakage' of extreme views or intention to act, and interactions with public authorities in the time leading up to an attack. It provides a series of practical policy recommendations in order to develop an effective response to various lone-actor threats."--